HEALTHCARE INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY TRENDS NURS 6051
HEALTHCARE INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY TRENDS NURS 6051
There is absolutely no disagreement that technology has had an array of advancements over the past years. Within the past decade there has been advancement throughout electronic health records, telemedicine/telehealth, self-service kiosks, wearable technology, and health tracking devices (Becker’s Healthcare, 2015).
The biggest change and trend that I most recently experienced is the constant use of telehealth/e-visits, Skype, Zoom, and Microsoft Teams due to the COVID-19 pandemic. Telehealth is the use of technology to deliver health care, health information, or health education at a distance (McGonigle & Mastrian, 2018). A few ways telehealth is used in the clinical setting are sharing images amongst disciplines for assessment and diagnosis, transmit data, provide disease prevention information and promote good health while using real time video and phone services (McGonigle & Mastrian, 2018).
The use of all of these new trends have definitely become the “new normal”. Meetings are now virtual to permit social distancing and many visits and consultations are through the telephone. A challenge of the virtual meetings could be employee engagement and employees actually paying attention to all being said throughout the meetings. As for telehealth services and e-visits, I worry of the challenge that patients can be wrongly diagnosed and improperly assessed during their verbal only visits. As professionals we rely on our assessment skills to care for patients. Although our care has a great amount to do with what the patients tell us, we also use our skills of visually examining and touching patients to make the most accurate diagnosis and provide the best care for symptoms. Patient bills are also the same as an in-person visit, for a phone call that is sometimes only five minutes.
The biggest benefit of this virtual trend is safety amongst health care professionals and patients. Also, it could benefit providers to limit non-emergent in person visits to avoid possible exposures. As far as possible risks, patient information can possibly be compromised, and higher security must be used so information remains protected. Since private in-person rooms are not available it is still recommended by the Department of Health and Human Services to use private locations and patient should not receive services in public or semi-public settings (Jacobson, 2020). Throughout the pandemic there were also many cases of hacking into Zoom and Skype meetings. Providers must do all they can to avoid these data breeches to protect patient information.
Telehealth and e-visits do show advancements for nursing practice as it opens more career opportunity. “Telehealth eases the impact of the nursing shortage because it provides easier access to professionals for patients” (Teladoc Health, n.d. para # 5.) According to the American Telemedicine Association, within five years, 50% of healthcare services might be provided by telehealth services (Teladoc Health, n.d.). Along with career advancements, this will allow nurses to increase their assessment skills and critical thinking with the need of accurately finding treatment for patients. With time and growth in this particular area, I think there will be growth in this area and providers will accurately provide care for patients. With continued time, I also think there will be improvements to data management and protecting patient information.
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Becker’s Healthcare. (2015). 10 biggest technological advancements for healthcare in the last decade. https://www.beckershospitalreview.com/healthcare-information-technology/10-biggest-technological-advancements-for-healthcare-in-the-last-decade.html
Jacabson, A. (2020). The benefits and risks of telehealth services. Risk Management Magazine. http://www.rmmagazine.com/
McGonigle, D., & Mastrian, K. G. (2017). Nursing informatics and the foundation of knowledge (4th ed.). Jones & Bartlett Learning.
Teladoc Health. (n.d.). How telehealth can ease the nationwide nursing shortage. https://intouchhealth.com/nationwide-nursing-shortage-eased-with-telehealth-services/#:~:text=Telehealth%20eases%20the%20impact%20of,so%20efficiency%20is%20markedly%20improved.
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RESPOND TO SOLANGE
This is insightful Solange. Technology has led to the quality improvement in the healthcare system. Today, most healthcare institution use technology to facilitate surgical processes, maintenance of patient’s data and enhance general patient admission processes. Technology has had an array of advancement in the last few decades (Khezr, Moniruzzaman, Yassine, & Benlamri, 2019). In other words, in the last decade, healthcare institutions have been able to incorporate electronic health records into the operational processes; this has led to the effective management of data and the security of the patient’s information. The development of telemedicine has facilitated access to the healthcare systems for the individuals living in both rural and urban settings. Also, the application of telemedicine in the delivery of healthcare services has given rise to the self-services kiosks, development if the healthcare tracking devices and the artificial intelligence to promote the delivery of quality care. The application of technology in the healthcare processes has led to the increased safety and the speed in the healthcare delivery processes (Morilla et al., 2017). In other words, the technology has eliminated human errors that often lead to complexity in the healthcare delivery processes. Today, most organizations are involved in the use of technology to increase productivity and enhance accuracy in the operational processes.
Virtual trend is another technological innovation that is currently being incorporated in the healthcare processes. The biggest benefit of this virtual trend is safety amongst health care professionals and patients. The technology also continues to benefit healthcare providers as it leads to the reduction in the healthcare acquired infections. As far as possible risks, patient information can possibly be compromised, and higher security must be used so information remains protected. Healthcare organizations should therefore incorporate different technological products to facilitate healthcare delivery processes.
Khezr, S., Moniruzzaman, M., Yassine, A., & Benlamri, R. (2019). Blockchain technology in healthcare: A comprehensive review and directions for future research. Applied sciences, 9(9), 1736. Retrieved from: 10.3390/app9091736
Morilla, M. D. R., Sans, M., Casasa, A., & Giménez, N. (2017). Implementing technology in healthcare: insights from physicians. BMC medical informatics and decision making, 17(1), 92. Retrieved from: https://link.springer.com/article/10.1186/s12911-017-0489-2
RE: Discussion – Week 6
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Advancement in technology has simplified the way we do things; it saves time, increases production, and simplifies communication in our lives. As society’s demands and lifestyle change, the need for advancing technology we use is high. Almost everything we use has been innovated to better standards. Health care has harnessed this opportunity to improve the quality of care with the use of medical technological tools. Current trends are enabling self-patients of health conditions with the use of wearable fitness tracking devices, telemedicine to connect patients and health care providers from a long distance, cloud storage for ease of access on mobile devices, and smart equipment within the hospital.
Here at the facility where I am employed, the most advanced technology we offer our patients would have to be telehealth. Telehealth is defined as “the use of electronic information and telecommunications technologies to support long-distance clinical health care, patient and professional health-related education, public health and health administration.” by The Health Resources Services Administration (HRSA) (HealthIT.gov, 2017). Telehealth uses information and communication technologies to enables the diagnosis, consultation, treatment, education, care management, and self-management of a patient’s health care while the patient is at the originating site and the health care provider is at a distant location. The technology simplifies patient self-management and caregiver support through the use of a laptop or smartphone app, rising the productivity of patient care. In my facility, we use the Epic system for charting and communication, and a feature we bargain is the use of a health portal called ‘MyChart’ where labs, medications, personalized care plan, educational information, and interact with their physicians can be reviewed. Another feature that serves 24/7 access line where nurses have the ability to distantly watch cardiac monitors while the patient at home and alert the patient and physicians advice on certain things such as medication, abnormal lab callbacks, or when to seek treatment, and connect them with an on-call physician over the phone or app. Nurses and healthcare workers are up to date on these up-to-date technologies use at their facility to reply any questions and clarify to their patients.
Telehealth’s influence on nursing focuses on patients’ care either long-term wellness care , self-management, and on their current health condition. Nurses have the capacity to deliver necessary information to patients during a time of need, especially in rural areas. I believe that the impact on nursing practice is positive through assessment, planning, interventions, and evaluations of the outcomes in patient care on a level outside of the hospital. Telehealth aids to incorporate better access to healthcare, cost reduction, and preventing unnecessary visits to urgent care or to the ER. A possible risk connected with telehealth is about having possibility of violation of the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA) in data safety and legislation. Health information is not always secure when stored on patients’ mobile devices, iPad or even on their laptop and the patient’s health record or login information could be hacked or stolen. Therefore, HIPAA training for nurses precisely towards telehealth practices is essential to keep patient’s health information safe and secure. Acceptable security and privacy protections for underlying telehealth data and systems must be provided for providers and patients to provide confidence in the use of telehealth solutions (Hall & McGraw, 2014).
In my opinion, The Internet of Medical Things (IoMT) trend that includes ECG monitors, mobile apps, fitness
trackers, and smart sensors can measure biological metric data; such as blood pressure, pulse, heart rate, glucose
level, and more and set reminders for patients is the most promising in healthcare’s future (Iqbail, 2019). With the
use of affordable health monitoring devices, patients can achieve their health better . IoMT can precisely capture and
manage data in real-time and use that data analytically to identify these trends. It develops patient results by
improving the patient’s knowledge of their own health information and can be studied by health professionals. IoMT
can help physicians manage patient’s data quickly by identifying more-accurate diagnosis increasing a more-
efficient delivery of care that is cost effective.
HealthIT.gov. (2017, September 22 ). What is telehealth? How is telehealth different from telemedicine?. Retrieved from https://www.healthit.gov/faq/what-telehealth-how-telehealth-different-telemedicine
Hall, J., & McGraw, D. (2014). For telehealth to succeed, privacy and security risks must be identified and addressed. Health Affairs, 33(2). https://doi.org/10.1377/hlthaff.2013.0997
Iqbail, S. (2019, February 13). IoMT and big data: How the internet of medical things impacts clinical trials. Clinical Trials Innovation. Retrieved from https://knect365.com/clinical-trials-innovation/article/5024ec64-030e-4ba6-bc2b-c701a28b2b95/big-data-and-iomt-the-impact-of-the-internet-of-medical-things-on-clinical-trials