APA Assignment NUR 513

APA Assignment NUR 513

Nursing Theories

Nursing theories play a crucial role in nursing practice. The guide nursing interventions utilize to achieve the care outcomes of the patients. Nurse researchers also utilize theories to underpin their studies. Nurses also utilize them as the basis of their worldviews. Therefore, this paper explores the purpose, meaningfulness, and application or nursing theories in nursing practice.

Purpose of Applying Nursing Theory to Patient Care

Nurses apply nursing theories to patient care processes. Accordingly, the theories guide nursing practice by ensuring the utilization of interventions that improve the quality of care and outcomes (Straughair, 2019). The application of nursing theories in the patient care process also separates nursing from medicine. It helps nurses to articulates the reasons for what they do for their patients and why they do them. Nursing theories also provide nurses with insights into the care needs that should be achieved with the care process (Kitson, 2018). For example, they use them to assess and evaluate the effectiveness of the nursing interventions utilized to promote patients’ wellbeing.

Meaningfulness of Nursing Theory

Nursing theory is meaningful to the current practice. First, it guides nursing research, which informs nursing theories. Nursing theories such as Orem’s theory of self-care are used in researches that explore the effectiveness of different nursing interventions in improving patients’ self-care abilities. Nursing theory also acts as source of foundational knowledge for nurses. Nurses obtain crucial concepts needed for their practice such as those related to environment, health, patient, and nursing. Nursing theories also help nurses to understand their roles in the patient care process (Hoeck & Delmar, 2018). Accordingly, nurses understand their role as well as actions they take in responding to different situations based on the knowledge obtained from the theories.

Applying Theory before Planning and Providing Care

Nursing theory can be applied before planning and providing care in the current practice. Accordingly, nursing theories provide a basis for obtaining assessment data from patients. The assessment data guides the development of nursing diagnoses and plans for achieving the identified patient needs. An example is the use of Orem’s self-care deficit theory in nursing care. Nurses utilize the theory to assess patients’ abilities in meeting their self-care needs in the assessment phase. They use the assessment data to develop diagnoses and plans for meeting the identified deficits (Yip, 2021). Therefore, Orem’s theory can be applied in assessing the patient before planning and providing patient care.

Best Theory

Jean Watson’s theory of nursing best reflects my personal view of the essence of nursing. According to Watson’s theory of caring, nursing is largely concerned with the promotion of health, prevention of illness, restoring health, and caring for the risk patients. Watson recognized the active role that nurses play in the prevention of diseases and their treatment (Sitzman & Muller, 2018). My worldview is like that of Watson’s in that I consider nursing to be more than curing medical conditions. It extends to understanding what a disease means to a patient and helping them to transform the factors that contribute to it. It also entails providing holistic care that is not only focused on the disease but also the whole being of the patient and their growth (Reed, 2019). Nurses should care and accept patients for who they are and what they should be.


In summary, nursing theories are important in nursing. They define nursing roles and differentiate nursing from other fields in healthcare. Nursing theories can be used before planning and provision of patient care. Jean Watson’s theory of caring best reflects my personal view of nursing.


Hoeck, B., & Delmar, C. (2018). Theoretical development in the context of nursing—The hidden epistemology of nursing theory. Nursing Philosophy, 19(1), e12196.

Kitson, A. L. (2018). The Fundamentals of Care Framework as a Point-of-Care Nursing Theory. Nursing Research, 67(2), 99–107. https://doi.org/10.1097/NNR.0000000000000271

Reed, P. G. (2019). Intermodernism: A philosophical perspective for development of scientific nursing theory. Advances in Nursing Science, 42(1), 17–27.

Sitzman, K., & Muller, D. H. (2018). Usefulness of Watson’s Caring Science for Online Educational Practices in Disciplines Outside of Nursing. Advances in Nursing Science, 41(4), E53–E63.

Straughair, C. (2019). Cultivating compassion in nursing: A grounded theory study to explore the perceptions of individuals who have experienced nursing care as patients. Nurse Education in Practice, 35, 98–103.

Yip, J. Y. C. (2021). Theory-based advanced nursing practice: A practice update on the application of Orem’s self-care deficit nursing theory. SAGE Open Nursing, 7, 23779608211011990.

Appendix: Checklist

APA Writing Checklist

Use this document as a checklist for each paper you will write throughout your GCU graduate program. Follow specific instructions indicated in the assignment and use this checklist to help ensure correct grammar and APA formatting. Refer to the APA resources available in the GCU Library and Student Success Center.

☒ APA paper template (located in the Student Success Center/Writing Center) is utilized for the correct format of the paper. APA style is applied, and format is correct throughout.

☒  The title page is present. APA format is applied correctly. There are no errors.

☒ The introduction is present. APA format is applied correctly. There are no errors.

☒ Topic is well defined.

☒ Strong thesis statement is included in the introduction of the paper.

☒ The thesis statement is consistently threaded throughout the paper and included in the conclusion.

☒ Paragraph development: Each paragraph has an introductory statement, two or three sentences as the body of the paragraph, and a transition sentence to facilitate the flow of information. The sections of the main body are organized to reflect the main points of the author. APA format is applied correctly. There are no errors.

☒ All sources are cited. APA style and format are correctly applied and are free from error.

☒ Sources are completely and correctly documented on a References page, as appropriate to assignment and APA style, and format is free of error.

Scholarly Resources: Scholarly resources are written with a focus on a specific subject discipline and usually written by an expert in the same subject field. Scholarly resources are written for an academic audience.

Examples of Scholarly Resources include: Academic journals, books written by experts in a field, and formally published encyclopedias and dictionaries.

Peer-Reviewed Journals: Peer-reviewed journals are evaluated prior to publication by experts in the journal’s subject discipline. This process ensures that the articles published within the journal are academically rigorous and meet the required expectations of an article in that subject discipline.

Empirical Journal Article: This type of scholarly resource is a subset of scholarly articles that reports the original finding of an observational or experimental research study. Common aspects found within an empirical article include: literature review, methodology, results, and discussion.

Adapted from “Evaluating Resources: Defining Scholarly Resources,” located in Research Guides in the GCU Library.

☒ The writer is clearly in command of standard, written, academic English. Utilize writing resources such as Grammarly, LopesWrite report, and ThinkingStorm to check your writing.